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The graduate curriculum in the history of art at Princeton University is one of the oldest in the country, and for many decades the department has played a leading role in training teachers, scholars, and curators in this area. At Princeton, graduate work in this discipline has certain special advantages. Because the number of graduate students is limited, all courses are small, intimate seminars in which there is maximum opportunity for free and informal discussion. The graduate courses given by members of the department are, from time to time, supplemented by courses or lectures given by members of the Institute for Advanced Study or invited scholars. Graduate study is carried out within one of seven broad fields: 1) Classical, 2) Byzantine and Medieval, 3) Renaissance and Baroque, 4) Modern and Contemporary, 5) East Asian, and 6) African.
Graduate studies in art and archaeology are designed to prepare students to become creative scholars and teachers in the history of art. A student wishing to begin graduate work in the department should have had a sound liberal education as an undergraduate, with courses in history, literature, at least two foreign languages and preferably, although not necessarily, a major in the history of art. During the first year of graduate study, students who have had limited undergraduate preparation in the history of art are expected to remedy any deficiency by doing individual reading and taking pertinent undergraduate courses, which may be adjusted to the graduate level by means of special preceptorials, readings, and reports. A single student or a small group may initiate a reading course on a topic of agreed interest supervised by a member of the faculty.
Applicants who already hold a master’s degree have a distinct advantage in their preparation; however, because Princeton has no course credit system, specific advanced credit for prior work in the field cannot be offered. Applicants for graduate study in the department are admitted only as candidates for the Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.).
Students have the opportunity to work with objects in the collections of the Princeton University Art Museum and to help organize exhibitions. They also have their own active organization that meets frequently and sponsors a series of lectures by art historians from other colleges and universities.
Sample of written work. Applicants are required to select a subplan when applying.
The graduate program in Art and Archaeology is a five-year program. This five-year period is referred to as “regular enrollment.” Graduate study is carried out within one of seven broad fields: 1) Classical, 2) Byzantine and Medieval, 3) Renaissance and Baroque, 4) Modern and Contemporary, 5) East Asian, and 6) African. Students in the Classical and East Asian programs and Islamic will take a total of 15 courses. All other students will normally take four full semesters of course work totaling 12 courses. One half of all of courses will be at the 400 level or higher. If a graduate student chooses to take a 200- or 300-level course within the department, the course will be designated as a graduate-level reading course (700 level). If a student chooses to take a 200-level course outside of the department, the student must show that he/she is performing at the graduate level. Students not in the Classical and East Asian programs are required to take ART 500 or ART 501. Students are expected to take courses with each faculty member within their particular field of specialization. In their first year, all students (other than those in the Classical and East Asian programs) must take at least one course in the department that is culturally and/or chronologically distinct from their main field of study; courses that meet this requirement will be determined in consultation with the director of graduate studies. (The chronological divisions are ancient; medieval/early modern; and modern/contemporary.) Students are encouraged to consult with their advisers in selecting classes in other departments or at other institutions. Students not in the Classical and East Asian programs will choose one of the above fields, and then take two courses selected from among the remaining fields; at least one course must be East Asian, Islamic, or African.
Students in the Classical and East Asian programs will take a total of 15 courses. All other students will normally take four full semesters of course work totaling 12 courses. One half of all of courses will be at the 400 level or higher. If a graduate student chooses to take a 200- or 300-level course within the department, the course will be designated as a graduate-level reading course (700 level). If a student chooses to take a 200-level course outside of the department, the student must show that he/she is performing at the graduate level. Students not in the Classical and East Asian programs are required to take ART 500 or ART 501 when these courses are available. In their first two years in the program, all graduate students, in all areas of study, are required to register and participate (*/No Credit) in the Graduate Seminar (Art 502). Students are expected to take courses with each faculty member within their particular field of specialization. In their first year, all students (other than those in the Classical and East Asian programs) must take at least one course in the department that is culturally and/or chronologically distinct from their main field of study; courses that meet this requirement will be determined in consultation with the director of graduate studies. (The chronological divisions are ancient; medieval/early modern; and modern/contemporary.) Students are encouraged to consult with their advisers in selecting classes in other departments or at other institutions. Students not in the Classical and East Asian programs will choose one of the above fields, and then take two courses selected from among the remaining fields; at least one course must be East Asian, or African.
Students in the Classical Art and Archaeology program will take a total of 15 courses, including both Greek and Roman art/archaeology seminars in each of the first five terms (when such seminars are offered). Some of these may be audited, depending on the candidate’s program and course load. Individual programs will be determined in consultation with the candidate’s adviser. Required courses: Greek history proseminar (Classics), Roman history proseminar (Classics), one Literature course in Classics (i.e., a text-based course in either Greek or Latin that is at least at the 200-level) and one “reading” course, presumably at the beginning of year three, devoted to preparing the dissertation prospectus. The total of 15 courses will, ideally, include: nine seminars in Art and Archaeology, two Greek and Roman history proseminars (both for credit), one Classics literature course (at least at the 200-level), one dissertation reading course; and two electives.
Students in all fields except the Classical art and archaeology and the East Asian art and archaeology programs must satisfy the department’s language requirements by passing a reading proficiency exam as soon as possible after enrolling, standing for at least one exam early in the first term, and completing all language requirements before taking the general examination. Students will be expected to take one of the exams offered by the Department of German and the Department of French and Italian each fall semester; other relevant language exams are arranged through the department. The graduate secretary will inform students when the language tests will be held. An examination from another institution does not fulfill the Princeton requirement.
Those who fail to pass this exam (and only those) may petition to take a comparable exam offered by the department in the spring. The successful completion of summer language courses taught on the Princeton campus will also count for the language requirement.
A candidate for the Ph.D. in Classical Art and Archaeology is required to show proficiency in and a reading knowledge of German, as well as another modern language appropriate to the student’s special field; language examinations shall be arranged by the department. As a general rule, elementary language courses will not count toward the 15 mandatory courses.
For Greek and Latin language requirements:
All entering students with experience in one or both of the ancient languages are required to take the diagnostic exams offered by the Department of Classics at the start of their first term; this requirement also holds for those who will have taken an intensive course prior to arriving a Princeton (one of our summer intensive courses, those at CUNY, or elsewhere). If the exams are passed, the student will have demonstrated the requisite level of proficiency; if not, then a proper level of course will be established for their further study. If continued study is required, this should be satisfied by successful completion of a course at at least the 200-level (not by the retaking of the diagnostic exams). Nevertheless, all students are encouraged to continue their language study at a level deemed appropriate – a decision to be made in consultation with their advisor. Students who arrive with little or no ancient language preparation must begin taking language courses in their first term (or the intensive course offered in the Spring), so that they will have time to progress to the 200-level by the time of the general exams.
A candidate for the Ph.D. in Chinese art and archaeology is required to show proficiency in classical and modern Chinese, and a reading knowledge of Japanese. A candidate for the Ph.D. in Japanese art and archaeology is required to demonstrate proficiency in classical Japanese and/or kanbun, as appropriate to the candidate's specialization, and modern Japanese, and a reading knowledge of Chinese or a European language. Elementary language courses may, at the discretion of the adviser, count towards the fifteen required courses.
African research language and French or German, to be determined in consultation with adviser. Elementary language classes do not count toward the twelve required courses.
German and one other language, normally a Romance language. Elementary language classes do not count toward the twelve required courses.
The general examination is designed to ascertain a student’s general knowledge of the subject. Students in the Classical and East Asian programs and Islamic normally take the general examination at the end of the third year, and for all others at the end of the second or the beginning of the third year. Before scheduling of the examination may take place, students must have finalized all incompletes and language requirements.
Examinations are normally held during a stated 21-day period in October or January, or during a five-week period in April and May. A student’s examination committee consists of three or more members, at least two of whom shall normally hold the rank of assistant professor or higher on the faculty of Princeton University. Any external examiners must be of comparable standing in the scholarly community. Examination committees in Classical, East Asian, Islamic, and African normally include faculty from other departments. For all others, examination committees are normally composed of departmental faculty members. For additional description of the general examination in the Classical and East Asian programs, see below. For all others, the general examination consists of one six-hour written and a two- to three-hour oral session. If a student fails the general examination, he/she may be recommended to stand for reexamination within a year. If unsuccessful the second time, degree candidacy automatically terminates.
Typically, students in the Classical Art and Archaeology program spend the first two and a half years in classwork. General examinations are usually taken in the latter half of the third year. The general examination tests the candidate in the following areas: Greek and Latin sight exams, prose only (administered by Classics); eight-hour written general examination in Greek and Roman archaeology; four-hour written examination devoted to the general area of the dissertation and a two-hour oral examination covering materials related to both written exams.
The general examination, which normally takes place no later than May of the third year, is set jointly by the two departments. It is designed to test the candidate’s ability to integrate general, topical, and area knowledge in related fields chosen from the two departments. It consists of a first-day examination in the general field of Chinese and Japanese art history and archaeology, with approximately six hours of writing in response to questions submitted by Department of Art and Archaeology faculty; a second-day examination in the field of the student’s dissertation, with questions and length to be determined by the student’s principal advisor; and a third-day examination in a related area of East Asian studies given by a faculty member in the East Asian studies program with whom the student has studied; the faculty member determines the questions and length.
The Master of Arts (M.A.) degree is normally an incidental degree on the way to full Ph.D. candidacy and is earned after a student successfully completes all course and language requirements, and passes a portion of the general examination: for students in Western art, the written portion of generals; for East Asian art, the general and East Asian studies fields; and for classical archaeology, the eight-hour written general field. It may also be awarded to students who, for various reasons, leave the Ph.D. program, provided that these requirements have been met.
Teaching is viewed as an integral part of a distinguished graduate program, and students are encouraged to acquire teaching experience as teaching assistants. Students in their first year of graduate work, however, are not encouraged to teach. In extraordinary cases they may be allowed to do so, although the final determination of eligibility remains with the department chair and the director of graduate studies. Students who do precept are offered a one-time reduction in their course load equivalent to one seminar.
The Ph.D. is awarded after the candidate’s doctoral dissertation has been accepted and the final public oral examination sustained.
Brigid Doherty (fall/spring)
Charles E. Barber
James C. Steward
Maryan W. Ainsworth
Courses listed below are graduate-level courses that have been approved by the program’s faculty as well as the Curriculum Subcommittee of the Faculty Committee on the Graduate School as permanent course offerings. Permanent courses may be offered by the department or program on an ongoing basis, depending on curricular needs, scheduling requirements, and student interest. Not listed below are undergraduate courses and one-time-only graduate courses, which may be found for a specific term through the Registrar’s website. Also not listed are graduate-level independent reading and research courses, which may be approved by the Graduate School for individual students.