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The Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs offers advanced training for careers in public and international affairs. The school seeks to meet the need for broadly trained professionals who will create, interpret, and implement public policy. The program provides generalist training in public affairs applicable to a wide range of careers in the U.S. federal government, international agencies, foreign governments, state and local governments, nonprofit agencies, and the private sector rather than specialized task-based training more appropriate for those who plan careers in private business or private law. The Woodrow Wilson School strives to attract students from the broadest possible socioeconomic, ethnic and cultural backgrounds. It is also committed to providing the highest quality of professional policy training and to nurturing dynamic careers of public service. The school believes that it is essential for students of public and international affairs to understand how issues of gender, race, class, and cultural diversity affect public policy decisions, implementation, and outcomes, and it is committed to incorporating these issues in to its curriculum, public affairs programming, research colloquiums and other activities.
The school has a diverse faculty representing a wide range of expertise and includes affiliated faculty from 19 research centers and programs across the University. With its small student enrollment and large number of faculty the program allows for informal exchange among faculty, students, and staff.
The school encourages its students to pursue careers in public and international affairs and commits substantial resources to fellowship funding to ensure that financial obligations will not be a deterrent to public service careers.
The principal graduate program of the school is a two-year curriculum leading to the degree of Master in Public Affairs (M.P.A.). Students can earn a dual degree in public affairs and law (M.P.A./J.D.) after four years of study in the Woodrow Wilson School and a collaborating law school. The school also has a graduate program leading to a Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) in public and international affairs, as well as a one-year Master in Public Policy (M.P.P.) for mid-career professionals and individuals who have earned a J.D., M.D., or Ph.D. in a science discipline.
Ph.D. – 25 page sample of research. Applicants are required to select a cluster when applying.
M.P.A. – Course list. 4 page policy memo. Applicants applying to certificate programs are required to submit a 1 page certificate program statement. Applicants applying to a joint degree program are required to submit a 2 page joint degree statement. Applicants are required to select a field when applying.
M.P.A. – J.D. – Course list. 4 page policy memo. 2 page joint degree statement. Applicants applying to certificate programs are required to submit a 1 page certificate program statement. Applicants are required to select a field when applying.
M.P.P. – 4 page policy memo. Applicants applying to certificate programs are required to submit a 1 page certificate program statement. Applicants are required to select a subplan and field when applying. Mid-career professionals are required to have 7 years’ experience.
The purpose of the WWS doctoral program is to train top-quality researchers in these critical areas of public policy, and it offers a Doctor of Philosophy in Public Affairs in two research clusters: Security Studies; and Science, Technology and Environmental Policy (STEP). An average of six students per year are admitted to the program, with three in each cluster. These clusters use an interdisciplinary approach to address serious policy challenges. Each cluster has a substantial group of WWS faculty whose research aligns with the focus of that cluster.
Core courses and individual requirements are determined by faculty in each cluster. Both clusters require advanced economics and econometrics training for social science research and at least ten graduate courses in total. Typically a student takes between eight and twelve courses, depending on the cluster, during the first two years. Students are also required to attend Ph.D. seminars and noncredit research ethics training. All students are required to maintain an overall grade average of 85 (B) or higher to remain in the Ph.D. program.
Students are required to complete an original research paper of publishable quality. The paper should be written in a form suitable for submission or publication and may deal with a fruitful topic from the discipline.
The examination covers two fields identified by the student in consultation with a faculty committee and includes two written components and may include an oral component, depending on the cluster. Preparation for the examination normally occurs through participation in seminars, workshops, reading courses, and individual study. Students should complete all parts of the examination by the end of the second year.
The Master of Arts (M.A.) degree is normally an incidental degree on the way to full Ph.D. candidacy and is earned after a student successfully completes all coursework satisfactorily and completes the general examination. It may also be awarded to students who, for various reasons, leave the Ph.D. program, provided that these requirements have been met.
A six-hour teaching assignment (precepting), usually following the general examination, is required.
After a candidate successfully completes the general examination and defends the written prospectus, the Ph.D. program committee approves entry into the dissertation phase of the program.
The student prepares a dissertation for review by the faculty. Departmental acceptance of the dissertation qualifies the candidate for the final public oral examination. The final public oral examination is required by University regulations, and is conducted after the dissertation has been recommended for acceptance by the Woodrow Wilson School.
The Ph.D. is awarded after the candidate’s doctoral dissertation has been accepted and the final public oral examination sustained.
The Woodrow Wilson School offers a one-year Master in Public Policy (M.P.P.) degree for mid-career professionals who are rising leaders in international and domestic public policy. This rigorous residential program is designed for mid-career professionals with seven or more years of public service experience in government agencies or nonprofit organizations in the United States and abroad.
The M.P.P. program provides rigorous training in economic, behavioral, and political analysis. In addition to studying for the M.P.P. degree, students may also earn a certificate in science, technology, and environmental policy; urban and regional planning; or demography. The M.P.P. program has recently been expanded to qualified physicians, Ph.D. scientists, and lawyers. Outstanding professionals in the fields of medicine, science, and law thus will have the opportunity to develop and hone their policy skills in order to bring crucial expertise to bear on specialized public policy issues.
To qualify for the degree, M.P.P. candidates must successfully complete eight courses in an approved program of study developed in consultation with a faculty adviser and maintain greater than a B- average.
A typical M.P.P. program of study will include a specialization in one of the school’s four fields of concentration:
In addition, a typical program would include a few courses in economics and/or program and policy evaluation, psychology, negotiation and/or financial management, as well as half-term policy analysis courses.
M.P.P. students may choose to specialize further with a certificate program.
All M.P.P. students begin with a six-week summer program that includes intensive courses in microeconomics and statistics, and a policy analysis and leadership seminar
The summer program is designed to enhance students’ preparation for graduate-level courses. The seminar aims to introduce them to the approaches they will encounter in WWS courses during the academic year, while also helping them get to know their peers and refine their learning objectives for the year.
The Master in Public Affairs (M.P.A.) offers rigorous preparation for international and domestic policy careers.
This two-year, full-time residential program cultivates among its students and graduates a lasting commitment to public service.
Through its core curriculum and a wide variety of elective courses, students learn analytical skills that address the political, economic, quantitative, behavioral and normative aspects of complex policy problems. The program also promotes understanding of the distinctive historical, institutional and cultural contexts of domestic and international policy making.
Each M.P.A. candidate selects a policy field in which to specialize from the school’s four fields of concentration: international relations, development studies, domestic policy, and economics and public policy. Students may also take courses leading to a joint degree in public affairs and law (M.P.A./J.D.), or with other professional degree programs, by special request. Certificate programs in fields such as demography through the Office of Population Research; health and health policy in conjunction with the Center for Health and Wellbeing; the Program in Science, Technology, and Environmental Policy (STEP); and urban policy or urban policy and planning, offer additional areas of specialization among the four fields of concentration.
A unique hallmark of the school’s curriculum is the collaborative approach to planning elective courses and graduate policy workshops by faculty field coordinators, first-year students, and administrators. This enables the school not only to draw upon the strengths of its faculty, but also to adapt to the most pressing issues of domestic or international affairs and to be highly responsive to the individual and collective interests of students. The school’s resources also enable it to offer high-profile appointments to visiting scholars and policy practitioners who complement the academic and professional expertise of the faculty.
Significant financial aid resources are dedicated to permitting the majority of WWS students the opportunity to receive graduate degrees without incurring loan indebtedness and to launch them into public service careers in the public and nonprofit sectors.
The curriculum of the M.P.A. program includes six required core courses that address skills and techniques needed for the systematic study of public policy problems. The courses cover political analysis, quantitative methods, and economic and behavioral analysis.
Graduate policy workshops are a unique part of the Woodrow Wilson School graduate curriculum.
Policy workshops provide students with an opportunity to use the analytical skills they have acquired in the first year in the program to analyze complex and challenging policy issues, usually for real clients. Typically, the formal presentation for the client or expert group is organized sometime between mid-December and late January. Each workshop consists of 8 - 10 students who work in teams to evaluate a policy challenge. Most students engage in field-based research during the eight- or nine-day fall break period.
The workshops emphasize policy implementation, and it is this emphasis that distinguishes them from regular courses. The goal of the workshops is to understand a policy issue in great depth and to make policy recommendations that are both creative and realistic, given the relevant institutional and political constraints.
In January, at the end of the first semester, first-year M.P.A. students are required to take part in a policy project called the Integrated Policy Exercise, or IPE.
The IPE requires students to apply the skills they acquired in the fall term analytic courses. They are given briefing materials to review in advance and are then required to submit a comprehensive memo in response to a set of specific policy questions. The IPE is a trial run for the qualifying examination, or QE1. It is graded but only to provide concrete feedback to each student.
In May, at the end of the first year, students are required to take a qualifying exam, the QE1, a graded exercise that closely parallels the IPE.
The QE1 requires an integrated use of analytical skills acquired in the core curriculum during the first year, and it also includes behavioral analysis of the policy issue. Recent IPE and QE1 topics have included federal-state pre-K initiatives, federal subsidies for higher education, Social Security reform, swine flu vaccinations, and the federal bailout of the domestic auto industry.
Second-year students are required to take and pass a second qualifying exam (QE2) in May in their chosen field of concentration.
Cecilia E. Rouse
Keith A. Wailoo
David S. Wilcove
Denise L. Mauzerall
Courses for Spring 2015
Courses listed below show only regular graduate-level courses for the term; undergraduate courses and graduate-level independent reading and research courses, which may be approved by the Graduate School for individual students, are not listed.
Course covers basic concepts and experimental findings of psychology that contribute to an understanding of the effects of policy on human behavior and well-being; and psychological factors that affect the formulation, communication, and execution of policy. Topics include a descriptive analysis of boundedly rational judgment and decision making, a consideration of social motives and attitudes, and an introduction to the ways in which agents influence and negotiate with one another, including an examination of the psychological roots of conflict.
Examines policy issues at international, national and local levels. Provides groundwork on nonprofits, NGOs, and philanthropy that can be followed with specialized courses on management and program evaluation. Emphasis on understanding how philanthropy, nonprofit, and NGO sectors operate, their niche alongside private and public sectors, revenue sources, impact on society, and converse effects of society and its institutions; the policy making process. Explores impact of reliance on government or overseas support for Third World NGOs; faith-based service provisions: accountability and transparency; advocacy; and government regulations.
Designed to introduce graduate students in public and international affairs to certain principals and analytic tools widely used in the financial management of organizations, privately or publicly owned. Course is based on the premise that future civil servants should be familiar with this subject matter, either because they may be involved in the financial management of public agencies, or negotiate financial contracts with the private sector, or regulate financial management in the private sector.
Provides hands-on experience in the application of econometric methods to policy issues. Various aspects of empirical research in economics will be covered including 1) development of testable hypotheses, 2) appropriate use of data, 3) specification and estimation of econometric models. The course will be taught using a set of cases in which students apply quantitative methods covered in WWS 507b to data in order to answer specific policy questions. Emphasis will be placed on interpreting and writing about results.
Provides a thorough examination of statistical methods employed in public policy analysis, with a particular emphasis on regression methods which are frequently employed in research across the social sciences. This course emphasizes intuitive understanding of the central concepts, and develops in students the ability to choose and employ the appropriate tool for a particular research problem, and understand the limitations of the techniques. Prerequisite: 507b.
Discusses the main tools of econometric analysis, and the way in which they are applied to a range of problems in social science. Emphasis is on using techniques, and on understanding and critically assessing others' use of them. There is a great deal of practical work on the computer using a range of data from around the world. Topics include regression analysis, with a focus on regression as a tool for analyzing non-experimental data, discrete choice, and an introduction to time-series analysis. There are applications from macroeconomics, policy evaluation, and economic development. Prerequisite: grounding in topics covered in 507c.
Covers the theory of modern macroeconomics in detail. Focus is on the determination of macroeconomic variables - such as output, employment, prices, and the interest rate - in the short, medium, and long run, and addresses a number of policy issues. Discusses several examples of macroeconomic phenomena in the real world. A central theme will be to understand the powers and limitations of macroeconomic policy in stabilizing the business cycle and promoting growth.
Course offers a broad treatment of macroeconomic theory and policy issues, using the formal methods of modern macroeconomics. Topics will include long-run growth and development, labor, consumption, savings and investment decisions, the role of expectations, short-run fluctuations and stabilization policy, inflation and unemployment, trade and exchange rates. The course is advanced, so that: (i) having had some introductory course in macroeconomics is a prerequisite, and an intermediate-level one is best; (ii) the course requires a solid command of microeconomic theory (511 c or d) and good comfort with algebra and calculus.
This course introduces students to evaluation. It explores ways: to develop and implement research-based program improvement strategies and program accountability systems; to judge the effects of policies and programs; and to assess the benefits and costs of policy or program changes. Students study a wide range of evaluation tools; read and discuss both domestic and international evaluation examples and apply this knowledge by designing several different types of evaluations on programs of their choosing.
Examines a series of major issues of policy designed to illustrate and develop skills in particularly important applications of microeconomics. Topics will include education and training, the minimum wage, mandated benefits, affirmative action, the theory of public goods and externalities, and the basic theory of taxation. Prerequisite: 511b.
This course employs the methods of microeconomics, industrial organization and law and economics to study where market failures warrant gov't intervention with policies implemented through the law or regulatory agencies. Topics include antitrust policy toward business practices and vertical and horizontal combinations; policy approaches toward R&D and intellectual property; reliance on tort law, disclosure law, and regulatory standards to mitigate information and externality problems pertaining to health, safety, and performance risks; and the implications for pricing, entry, and investment of different forms of public utility regulation.
This course focuses on the role of the government in the economy and aims to provide an understanding of the reasons for government intervention in the economy, analyzing the benefits and costs of possible government policies, and the response of economic agents to the government's actions. The course covers education, labor, and tax policy, social insurance programs, public goods, environmental protection, and the interaction between different levels of government.
A brilliant policy that suffers from poor leadership or bad management is likely to result in failure. This course is about best practices in leading and managing governmental and not-for-profit organizations in industrialized democratic societies. We will assume that the policy problem has been solved and will focus on the non-policy aspects of being a leader and manager. This is a case study course. The goal is to place you in the position of a senior leader, a decision maker--so that you can experience these challenges, as much as possible, in the way actual leaders experienced them.
This seminar will provide a survey of trends in U.S. poverty and how public policy has responded over time. Examines the range of benefits and services that comprise the social safety net, including refundable tax credits, housing subsidies, nutrition programs, cash assistance, and Social Security benefits. Also reviews past and current debates over the effectiveness of these programs, with a particular focus on welfare reform. Assignments are designed to provide students with practical experience in how to present ideas to policymakers and a broader public audience.
This course introduces a set of concepts and tools that are widely used in the practice of urban and regional planning. The focus is on developing an operational understanding of the models, techniques and data used in such applications as regional economic and demographic projections, cost-benefit analysis, and land use analysis. Emphasis is also placed on the limitations of the methods.
Issues in open economy macroeconomics and international finance. Topics include an exchange rate determination and dynamics, macroeconomic policy under fixed and floating exchange rates, current account behavior, exchange rate management and international policy coordination, and the history of the international monetary system. Special attention is given to the analysis of exchange rate crises. Prerequisite: 512c.
This seminar explores the complexities, challenges, and achievements of the EU in international relations over the past decades. Discusses relations between EU and non-member states, great powers, international organizations, and lessons from leading this organization in a globalized interdependent system. How it copes with ethnic rivalries, terrorism, financial & nuclear crises, power interests, energy market, revolutions, conflict on its borders, environmental and health challenges. How has the EU reacted to the global crises, how will challenges shape the future of European integration?
This seminar is devoted to understanding (1) forms of political violence other than interstate war and (2) how policy makers can (and sometimes cannot) take action to ameliorate the threat from non-state violence. Course requires careful reading of 1-2 policy statements and 2-3 moderately technical articles each week on topics including: terrorism, the causes of civil war, the duration and cessation of civil war, the transition from violence to democracy, violence and social order, economic development and violence, the institutional structure of insurgent organizations, government violence and expropriation, revolution, and ethnic violence.
Considers role of law in gov't: When is a state constrained by law & when it may legitimately change/ignore the law? Use a range of materials from fiction to court cases, legal theory to political history, etc. Proceed by negative example, considering cases from the US: Lincoln's conduct during Civil War, Roosevelt's economic emergency, the Cold War, Nixonian exceptionalism, "war on terror" after 9/11. Also consider comparative examples: Russian Revolution, the collapse of the Weimar constitution, the breaks from communism in the "revolutions" of 1989 & beyond. Also Nuremberg Trials & Kosovar War.
Examines health care policy formulation focusing on developing countries. Theory and practical lessons on how policy is, or isn't, translated into programs. Global epidemiological threats to the infrastructure and financial stability of health care systems will be studied, in addition to: 1) how alternative health care finance and reform strategies facilitate or create barriers to achieving policy objectives; and 2) explores the role of governments, WHO, NGOs, and donor agencies in setting the agenda for health policy.
Reformers exist in many fragile states but few are able to produce sustained improvement in service delivery or in the operation of core government institutions. This course focuses on a set of governance traps that appear to subvert fragile state turnarounds and strategies for escaping these. It also addresses handling of principal-agent problems in remote areas. At a broader level, it engages participants in thinking about patterns of state formation in 21st century, focusing on scaling up of reform in urban centers. We use biography and case studies to spur thinking, plus theory drawn from economics and political science.
This is a course in urban and regional economics. Course studies the main economic forces that lead to the emergence of cities and regional agglomeration, and the effects on worker productivity, urban amenities, and congestion. Course discusses the problems in measuring these urban characteristics, the methodologies to do it, as well as the design of optimal urban policy. Course also studies the economic theory and evidence on the internal structure of cities, as well as the policies that can enhance urban living. Finally, the course analyzes the role cities play in aggregate economic development.
This is a macro, international finance-oriented development course, which will focus on the political economy of policy decisions. It will cover the following themes: 1. GDP growth and volatility; 2. the size, composition, and influence of international capital flows; 3. sudden stops in capital flows and financial crises; 4. the domestic and multilateral response to crises, including the role of fiscal adjustment, external financing, and debt restructuring; 5. We will draw on several country case-studies and students will be encouraged to undertake short research assignments to deepen their own policy interests.
Why do severe recessions happen? Could we have prevented the Great Recession and its consequences? And what actions are needed to prevent such crises going forward? We undertake an empirical exploration of these questions in this course and debate the various macro and financial policy questions that arise. Our discussions will be strictly disciplined by data and evidence. The course will analyze the role of debt in generating the Great Recession and the Great Depression, as well as the current economic malaise in Europe. The course is built around the new book, `House of Debt' by Mian and Sufi.
Examines intl law & governance in the context of environmental problems. Considers the need for regulation under conditions of scientific uncertainty in issues such as climate change, fisheries management, whaling management, biodiversity conservation, and ozone depletion. Explores the efficacy of diverse regulatory approaches, mechanisms for scientific advice to policymakers & participation by business firms and NGOs. Considers intersections between environmental regulation (both domestic and international) with trade, investment, & multilateral development and aid programs.
Energy is central to addressing major challenges of the 21st century. This course reviews and analyzes national and international energy policies and policy options in view of : (a) available and emerging technologies, (b) environmental challenges, (c) economic and political constraints. Students will encounter a variety of policy assessment methods and tools, and apply them in the context the following thematic clusters: fossil fuel resources ; energy efficiency ; distributed energy and renewables ; transportation and mobility ; nuclear energy ; R & D, subsidies and diffusion.
Study of policy preferences, differential rates of political participation, voting behavior, legislative process, political communication, urban politics and role of race in US political life are central to study of inequality in politics. Though the American case will feature prominently, we will approach issues from a comparative perspective. Thus the course provides introduction to comparative study of welfare states and political economy of advanced industrial countries, including regulation of labor markets and relationship between wage inequality, income distribution and policy preferences for redistribution and social protection.
This segment of the JDP seminar covers theory and research on social stratification, the major subfield in sociology that focuses on inequality. Course begins by reviewing major theories, constructs, measures, and empirical work on inequality. Weeks two through six focus on institutions that are expected to produce (and reproduce) inequalities, including families, neighborhoods, schools, labor markets, and penal policy.
This course investigates how ethnic diversity influences the policymaking process in democratic societies, with a focus on Europe and the United States. We will first address why and how ethnic diversity shapes individuals' and groups' beliefs, preferences, and behaviors in ways that shape the formulation of policy. Next the course will examine the consequences of ethnic diversity on policy areas that all societies confront (such as redistribution and economic development) as well as policy areas that emerge as a result of diversity (such as affirmative action or immigrant integration).
Two major areas of psychology contribute to the study of social policy and inequality.The first is social psychology, which focuses on inter-group relations, interpersonal perception, stereotyping, racism, aggression, justice and fairness. The second domain involves the fields of social-cognition, judgment and decision making, areas of research that study human information processing in a way that is not about individual differences, and often not social.
Despite the oft-invoked credo of 'women and children first,' policies to promote and protect maternal and child health often seem to receive short shrift in the policy arena. This course explores contemporary issues in maternal and child health, with attention to both the evidence base for policies as well as the cultural norms and values that make strategies to keep mothers and babies healthy surprisingly controversial at times. The focus will be on the U.S., although the readings will include global perspectives and students may choose to focus their course papers on other societies.
This course will cover how the Federal budget process is supposed to work and how it actually does work. Topics will include: (1) institutions, processes, and definitions; (2) history of budget outcomes; (3) the current state of the Federal budget process; (4) the role of uncertainty in budgeting; (4) the role of politics in budgeting; and (5) the budget's short- and long-term fiscal consequences. Students will be required to submit at least one short memo during the course and one research paper at the end of the course.
All advanced countries have extensive "welfare state" programs that provide insurance against economic losses, support people with low incomes, etc.. But these programs vary widely in extent from the relatively small US welfare state, to the larger welfare states of much of Europe, to the generous programs of Scandinavia. At the same time, there is heated controversy about the effects of such programs. This course surveys welfare state programs, including health care systems, across various countries, analyzes the debates over their economic effects, and looks at the political economy of reform in the US and countries such as France.
Providing primary and secondary education absorbs over 20% of state and local government expenditures in the U.S. The magnitude of spending needs and the large disparities in economic capabilities across school districts create great challenges for financing public education. Financing schools has become an arena for debate not only about education but also about redistribution. Course studies the political, legal, and economic challenges involved in education finance and the diverse ways being attempted to cope with them.
Course covers theory and research on social stratification, the major subfield in sociology that focuses on inequality. We begin by reviewing major theories, constructs, and empirical work on inequality. Weeks 2 -6 focus on institutions that mediate the transmission and reproduction of inequality, including families, schools, neighborhoods, labor markets, and the criminal justice system.
Over the last 20 years, the emerging field of social entrepreneurship has taken new approaches to problems in education, waste management and global public health. This course focuses on types and stages of different social enterprises (non-profits/hybrid organizations/for-profits), will evaluate nature of capital available from grants to patient capital to market-return investments. Course seeks to equip students with a framework for understanding how: 1) social enterprise can complement traditional provision of public services and 2) new markets are being created that deliver clear social benefits while generating returns to investors.
Information technology plays an ever-growing role in our lives, our economy, and our government, putting pressure on existing policy arrangements and raising entirely new policy issues. This course examines a range of infotech policy issues, including privacy, intellectual property, free speech, competition, regulation of broadcasting and telecommunications, cross-border and jurisdictional questions, broadband policy, spectrum policy, management of the Internet, computer security, education and workforce development, and research funding.
This seminar will review the origins of HIV, the multiple impacts of AIDS, the reasons for sustained global neglect, the foundations of effective prevention & treatment programs & the urgent need to improve monitoring & evaluation. Special attention will be given to the role of social factors in the epidemic. Course participants will examine the policy-making process related to global public goods & consider whether the world is better positioned to avert a resurgence of this pandemic or the emergence of the next threat.
Economic growth and development projects often come with unintended consequences. Large scale infrastructure projects can lead to massive resettlement of local populations, and development projects can result in environmental damage. This course reviews these effects, both socio-political as well as environmental, and identify ways to mitigate or avoid `development disasters'. The `disasters' to be examined include human-made issues as well as tsunamis, earthquakes, flooding, etc. The link between human-made and natural disasters constitute an important dimension of this course.
The US faces a complex security environment defined by novel threats, rising competitors and shrinking budgets. This course uses history and theory to help students wrestle with some of the most pressing debates in contemporary defense policy. Topics include conventional force planning for peer state competitors; unconventional force planning for climate change; nuclear deterrence and the debate over Global Zero; civil-military relations and the military's sexual assault problem; and planning for future war in an era of precision weapons and unmanned equipment.
Covers types of analytical frameworks for evaluating military issues. Methodologies range from simple quantitative methods for understanding combat to structured use of military history to defense budget calculations to simple assessments of military tech. Address 7 topics: terrorism, modern air-ground warfare; infantry combat including guerrilla war, peace enforcement, urban warfare, mountain & jungle warfare; missile battle/missile defense; military transport, supply, logistics; effects & implications of weapons of mass destruction; budgetary & econ. issues in defense planning; military tech., future of warfare.
This class examines foreign aid policy from a practitioner's perspective, it examines the 'nuts and bolts' of foreign aid, including: What is the aid 'architecture'? How are aid priorities established, how is aid structured? How are programs designed and implemented? What is the relationship between donors and recipients? What are some of the 'big ideas' shaping the aid community? Students will gain a deeper understanding of how the aid community works and learn to think critically about which forms of assistance are appropriate given country constraints and opportunities.
This course explores K-12 education policymaking in the context of dramatic changes to the status quo, but an unclear future. We will focus on differing perspectives and solutions for a diverse array of issues--from standards, assessments, and accountability to teachers/school leaders to governance, turnarounds, and school choice. The course will be anchored in the reality of policymaking--digesting the research on a topic, making/supporting policy recommendations. Students will work with 'live issues' in ed reform, analyze them, and recommend paths forward.
Vested interests play a significant role in determining how policies get made and changed. But interests in turn are shaped by powerful groups' ideas about how the world works. So ideas of academics or policy entrepreneurs -- can be crucial in defining interests of political actors. We shall examine relevant theories and case evidence to understand the role that policy ideas play: how they originate, how they are disseminated, and what determines when they are politically effective. Cases will draw from various policy domains in advanced and developing societies and international relations.
Designed to improve students' skill, confidence and judgment in use of science in policy applications. Using case studies, real-world examples, and in-class exercises, in the areas of atmospheric and energy policy, the emphasis is on preparing both non-scientists and scientists to use, understand, and critique science in environmental policy applications. Exercises are scaled to the student's background.
This course examines the historical and contemporary literature on international migration, the policies that enable or impede cross-national migration, and the consequences for the sending and receiving states as well as the migrants themselves. Drawing on contemporary international evidence, students will consider classical and contemporary theories of immigrant adaptation, language acculturation, and ethnic conflict from comparative international evidence.
This is a research design course. We will discuss some issues in the philosophy of science, analyze questions of conceptualization, proceeding to problems of descriptive inference, objectivity, and causal inference, including role of causal mechanisms. The seminar will continue with analysis of how to avoid bias, tackle issues of historical change. Students will present their own research designs and critique their colleagues. Emphasis will be on qualitative research, but the argument underlying the seminar is that the same basic principles of inference apply to qualitative and quantitative research.
Course covers the basic concepts and methods of epidemiology and demonstrates how these can be applied to improve population health and reduce health inequities. Topics include: measuring the health of the population, understanding the causes of poor health, developing interventions for improving health, translating evidence into practice, and evaluating the impact of policies and programs. Key epidemiological concepts such as association, bias and confounding are covered, as well as the main epidemiological study designs.
An introduction to the field of behavioral science and how it is used in practice to study and change how people make decisions about environmental problems. We explore how people psychologically understand and process environmental risks and how such perceptions influence behavioral decision-making. Students explore the social-psychological foundations of pro-environmental values, attitudes and norms and how to design public policy interventions to improve environmental decision-making. Public understanding of science and behavioral strategies for effective environmental science communication and engagement are also discussed.